river
Okavango facts

The Angola portion provides 94.5 % of the total water runoff in the catchment; Namibia provides 2.9 % and Botswana 2.6%. Botswana's contribution to runoff in the Delta is 20 %.

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Basin Research

OKACOM's Support for Basin Research

OKACOM depends on the best possible knowledge to support its decision-making, so the Commission facilitates and supports scientific and scholarly research throughout the region.

See our Projects and Partners pages to learn more about OKACOM's partnerships with research institutions in the riparian countries in the region, and our River Resources Reading Room for more links to research resources.

The Okavango River Basin Transboundary Analysis was produced through a collaborative effort by researchers from the three riparian countries and international scholars. See the reports of their work.

Cubango - Okavango Basin Research in Progress

Regional and international researchers are producing scientific studies through academic graduate programmes, projects and individual efforts. This work will eventually produce theses, dissertations and books. Here you can find references to this work in progress and contact information for the researchers.

Research in Progress

Research related to Cubango - Okavango River Basin issues covers a wide range of disciplines and topics, and is carried out by scholars from around the world. This is a list of some recent scholarly publications compiled from Google Scholar and other selected online resources.
Recent Research about the Cubango-Okavango

Abdullaev, I. (2011). The Politics of Water: a Survey. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 68(3), 397-399.

Bourquin, S. L., & Leslie, A. J. (2012). Estimating demographics of the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti) in the panhandle region of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology, 50(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2011.01285.x

Bufford, K. M., Atekwana, E. A., Abdelsalam, M. G., Shemang, E., Atekwana, E. A., Mickus, K., . . . Molwalefhe, L. (2012). Geometry and faults tectonic activity of the Okavango Rift Zone, Botswana: Evidence from magnetotelluric and electrical resistivity tomography imaging. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 65(0), 61-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2012.01.004

Cathey, A. M. (2011). Hydrology and Fish Population Dynamics in the Okavango Basin: Managing for Uncertainty in a Data Poor Environment. University of Florida.

Cawley, K., Wolski, P., Mladenov, N., & Jaffé, R. Dissolved Organic Matter Biogeochemistry Along a Transect of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Wetlands, 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s13157-012-0281-0

Courtenay, G., Smith, D. R., & Gladstone, W. (2012). Occupational health issues in marine and freshwater research. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 7(1), 4.

Croes, R. (2012). Tourism, Poverty Relief, and the Quality-of-Life in Developing Countries. Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life Research, 85-103.

Dräger, N. (2011). Tsetse fly control and Trypanosomiasis in Africa, quo vadis? Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique, 1-3.

Espach, C., Lubbe, L. G., & Ganzin, N. (2011). Determining grazing capacity in Namibia with the aid of remote sensing. AGRICOLA, 41.

Fischer, J., & Zinner, D. (2011). Communication and cognition in primate group movement. International Journal of Primatology, 1-17.

Geodesy for Planet Earth. In S. Kenyon, M. C. Pacino & U. Marti (Eds.), (Vol. 136, pp. 305-313): Springer Berlin Heidelberg.Leigh, K. A., Zenger, K. R., Tammen, I., & Raadsma, H. W. Loss of genetic diversity in an outbreeding species: small population effects in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Conservation Genetics, 1-11.

Greiner, C. (2011). Migration, translocal networks and socio-economic stratification in Namibia. Africa: The Journal of the International African Institute, 81(4), 606-627.

Hastie, W., Watkeys, M. K., & Aubourg, C. (2011). Significance of magnetic and petrofabric in Karoo-feeder dykes, northern Lebombo. Tectonophysics.

Hughes, D., Kingston, D., & Todd, M. (2011). Uncertainty in water resources availability in the Okavango River basin as a result of climate change. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci, 15, 931-941.

Huntsman-Mapila, P., Nsengimana, H., Torto, N., & Diskin, S. (2011). Arsenic Distribution and Geochemistry in Island Groundwater of the Okavango Delta in Botswana. Sustaining Groundwater Resources, 55-67.

Kadel, R., Rödl, M., & Wollenzien, T. (2011). Tourism Tackles Poverty–A Case Study on Africa. Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2011, 155-162.

Kroner, C., Werth, S., Pflug, H., Güntner, A., Creutzfeldt, B., Thomas, M., . . . Charles, P. H. (2012). Signals of Mass Redistribution at the South African Gravimeter Site SAGOS.

Linhoss, A. C., Muñoz-Carpena, R., Allen, M. S., Kiker, G., & Mosepele, K. (2012). A flood pulse driven fish population model for the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Ecological Modelling, 228, 27-38

Magole, L. I., & Magole, L. (2011). Revisiting Botswana's High-Value, Low-Volume Tourism. Tourism Analysis, 16(2), 203-210.

Mbaiwa, J. (2011). The effects of tourism development on the sustainable utilisation of natural resources in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Current Issues in Tourism, 14(3).

Mbaiwa, J., Stronza, A., & Kreuter, U. (2011). From Collaboration to Conservation: Insights From the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Society and Natural Resources, 24(4), 400-411.

Mbaiwa, J. E. (2011). Changes on traditional livelihood activities and lifestyles caused by tourism development in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Tourism Management, 32(5), 1050-1060.

Mbaiwa, J. E., & Stronza, A. L. (2011). Changes in resident attitudes towards tourism development and conservation in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Environmental Management, 92 (8), 1950-1959..

McNutt, J. W., & Gusset, M. (2011). Declining body size in an endangered large mammal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Mendelson, M., Perovic, O., & Blumberg, L. (2011). Southern Africa. Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide, 111-127.

Mmopelwa, G., Blignaut, J., & Hassan, R. (2011). Direct use values of selected vegetation resources in the Okavango delta wetland. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 12(2), 242-255.

Mmualefe, L. C., & Torto, N. (2011). Water quality in the Okavango Delta. Water SA, 37(3).

Mosepele, K., Mosepele, B., Bokhutlo, T., & Amutenya, K. (2011). Spatial variability in fish species assemblage and community structure in four subtropical lagoons of the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C.

Motsholapheko, M., Kgathi, D., & Vanderpost, C. (2011). Rural livelihoods and household adaptation to extreme flooding in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C.

Paizis, N., Lepera, A., Stargel, D., Guderian, E., Mphinyane, T., Kgaodi, O., . . . Molwalefhe, L. N. (2011). Geologists Vs. the Wild: a True Story Of Conducting Undergraduate and Graduate Research in the Okavango Delta, Botswana.

Samaan, J. (2011). A Critical Review of the Linkage Between International Security and Climate Change. Climate: Global Change and Local Adaptation, 11(13), 283.

Schulze, S., & Schmeier, S. (2012). Governing environmental change in international river basins: the role of river basin organizations. International Journal of River Basin Management, 1-16. doi: 10.1080/15715124.2012.664820

Setlhogile, T., Arntzen, J., Mabiza, C., & Mano, R. (2011). Economic valuation of selected direct and indirect use values of the Makgadikgadi wetland system, Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C.

Sifuna, N. (2012). The Future of Traditional Customary Uses of Wildlife in Modern Africa: A Case Study of Kenya and Botswana. Advances in Anthropology, 2(1), 31-38.

Silva, J. F., Ribeiro, R. M. L., & Mfuwa, N. (2011). A língua bantu angolana mbwela (K17) ea busca etimológica dos bantuísmos brasileiros. PAPIA: Revista Brasileira de Estudos Crioulos e Similares, 2(21), 291-302.

Siziba, N., Chimbari, M. J., Masundire, H., & Mosepele, K. (2011a). Spatial and temporal variations of microinvertebrates across temporary floodplains of the lower Okavango Delta, Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C.

Siziba, N., Chimbari, M. J., Masundire, H., & Mosepele, K. (2011b). Spatial variations of microinvertebrates across different microhabitats of temporary floodplains of lower Okavango Delta, Botswana. African Journal of Ecology.

Smit, H. (2012). New records of the water mite family Arrenuridae from the Afrotropical region, with the description of 11 new species and two new subspecies (Acari: Hydrachnidia). Zootaxa, 3187, 1-31

Swatuk, L. A., Motsholapheko, M. R., & Mazvimavi, D. (2011). A Political Ecology of Development in the Boteti River Region of Botswana: locating a place for sport. Third World Quarterly, 32(3), 453-475.

Thakadu, O. T., Irani, T., & Telg, R. (2011). Relative effects of visualized and verbal presentation methods in communicating environmental information among stakeholders: Okavango Delta, Botswana. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 10(1), 63-75.

Tourian, M. J., Riegger, J., Sneeuw, N., & Devaraju, B. (2011). Outlier identification and correction for GRACE aggregated data. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 1-14.

Trust, W. W., & Chase, M. (2011). Collaring Report.

Valeix, M., Hemson, G., Loveridge, A. J., Mills, G., & Macdonald, D. W. (2012). Behavioural adjustments of a large carnivore to access secondary prey in a human-dominated landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(1), 73-81.

Weldon, C., & le Roux, M. Atypical breeding patterns observed in the Okavango Delta. FrogLog, 25.

Wright, D. J. (2011). Home Care in Kanye, Botswana. Home Healthcare Nurse, 29(7), 402.

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